Research and Development


The ICAP (India Cooling Action Plan) recognizes that ‘’driving Research & Development (R&D) for developing an innovation ecosystem in the country is pivotal for enabling sustainable cooling and thermal comfort for all.’’ This ecosystem has to be able to enable all relevant stakeholders, from academic and research institutions to companies to develop not just technologies but also: the readiness to absorb these technologies; the human resources to manage, produce, operate and maintain these technologies; and the relevance of further innovation to make cooling accessible and affordable. These technologies, however, must not remain limited to low-GWP refrigerants, but in fact space entire supply chains related to cooling technologies best suited for India’s climatic conditions. This thrust on cooling is critical not just to enable greater access to different and more affordable cooling technologies, products, and services across sectors; but also, to encourage growth and manufacturing in Indian industry, enhance competitiveness and economic gains in these sectors, facilitate job creation and compound innovation potentials. This work theme will focus on providing structural changes to the R&D framework for cooling sector in India to enable increased investments for national research and development such that these may benefit increased, and affordable, access to cooling technologies..


Space Cooling- Implementing space cooling policies, programs and regulations

Space Cooling is one of the key thematic area identified under ICAP. The Space Cooling sector presents unique opportunities for optimization of cooling demand, including through energy efficiency, since a large portion of the cooling demand - both in the form of the building infrastructure and the cooling appliances - is yet to come. The Intervention scenario of the ICAP, projects that around 30% reduction in cooling energy can be achieved through improvements in cooling equipment efficiency, and better servicing and operation and maintenance (O&M) practices.

  • Energy-Efficient Appliances, Energy Labeling
  • ECBC-R
  • ECBC-C


Cold Chain

Considering the India has only a moderate inventory of cold storages or refrigerated warehouses, the other elements that make     up an uninterrupted supply chain of a cold-storage chain – pack houses, reefer transport and ripening chambers – are largely missing. Working to bridge the gaps can result in benefiting farmers to increase their income and reduced food loss.


Transport Air Conditioning

Provided India’s growth potential and developmental needs, transport sector in India is poised to grow at accelerated pace. Same has been reflected by ICAP, and shows tremendous mobile air conditioning demand thereby increased refrigerant demand. Mainly HFCs are being used in this sector and action taken to improve MAC systems while refrigerant transition could be highly cost effective and maximize the climate benefits.


Servicing Sector

Refrigeration and Air Conditioning’ (RAC) servicing sector is directly related to the consumption of refrigerants. Proper service of the equipment also leads to optimum and efficient performance of the air conditioning and refrigeration systems. ICAP provides a major focus on addressing operational efficiency of cooling equipment through creating a pool of skilled technicians. Also, create enabling infrastructure for universal certification of the service technicians.